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Costa Rica: Biodiversity

Costa Rica: Biodiversity

Biodiversity

Costa Rica’s wildlife includes species from both North and South America as well as those native to the Caribbean islands. With over 500,000 different animal and plant species (nearly 300,000 of which are insects!) Costa Rica is one of the top 20 countries in the world in terms of biodiversity.

The government of Costa Rica understands the country’s importance in the natural world: more than 25% of lands are protected. This means that they will likely be around for a long time, since no one is allowed to change or harm these areas.

One example of this protected land is Palo Verde National Park, located in the northwest part of the country. This massive park covers more than 45,000 acres, which is about three times larger than the island of Manhattan. Palo Verde is an important habitat or white-faced monkeys, scaly iguanas, crocodiles, and dozens of colorful birds, making it one of the most popular spots for bird watching in the world!

With nearly 900 bird species living in this diverse habitat, Costa Rica is a bird watcher’s dream. From the colorful flight of macaw to the laughing call of the toucan, this country is home to a wide variety of brilliant bird species, and today, I got up close with world’s smallest bird – the hummingbird!

Most of a hummingbird’s time is spent in flight, and because of this, they haven’t developed much strength in their feet. While they are able to perch on a branch or flower while feeding, they can barely walk.

Hummingbirds are such speedy fliers that when you see one, it’s usually only for a moment, and then they’re gone in a flash

Kat

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