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Azerbaijan: The Land Of Fire

Azerbaijan: The Land Of Fire

The Land of Fire

Throughout history, gas and oil have shaped Azerbaijan's political, economic, and geographical landscape. Pumping nearly one million barrels of oil a day, the country is poised to become a major player in the energy industry. Along with natural gas, like the kind found in the weirdly wonderful mud volcanoes of Gobustan and fiery hillside Yanar Dag, enormous reserves of oil lie beneath the land, where it formed over the last 300 million years.

Approaching the oil fields from a distance gives one a sense of just how expansive the oil industry is. The oil pumps look like enormous stick figure birds, dipping their beaks repeatedly to the ground as they pump crude oil up from the depths of the Earth.

Though the country intends to expand its investment in oil and gas, it is also investing heavily in alternative power sources. Throughout Azerbaijan, people stress the need for alternative energy sources like wind and solar power to prepare for the inevitable time when resources like petroleum are no longer widely available.

The origins of wind power date back to around 500 CE with the invention of the windmill. The idea to harness wind to generate electricity popped up in the late 1800s, when the first wind turbines appeared in Scotland, Denmark, and America. Today, wind farms consist of multiple turbines working together to generate large amounts of electricity, all over the world.

The open plains of Azerbaijan are often very gusty, making an ideal location for wind energy production. Azerbaijan isn’t the only place using this kind of technology, though. Countries like the Netherlands and the UK are some of the top producers of wind energy. In the deserts of southern California there are entire fields of wind turbines, constantly spinning and producing energy.



watch: Zoe explains how natural gas creates mud volcanos

watch: Learn how wind is used to generate energy

watch: Yanar Dag has been on fire for nearly 600 years

Azerbaijan: Welcome to Baku

Azerbaijan: Welcome to Baku

Azerbaijan: The Caspian Sea

Azerbaijan: The Caspian Sea

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