The Xhosa are a group of related peoples who migrated to what is now the Eastern Cape Province, or the southeastern coast, of South Africa before the 16th century. Currently eight million Xhosa people live in South Africa.

AmaXhosa refers to the people and umXhosa refers to a Xhosa person. The Xhosa language, isiXhosa, is strongly related to the Zulu language. IsiXhosa speakers and isiZulu speakers are able to understand one another. After isiZulu, isiXhosa is the most spoken native language in South Africa.

Arguably, the most famous Xhosa speaker is Nelson Mandela, former President of the Republic of South Africa. Other notable Xhosa speakers include former President Thabo Mbeki and Archbishop Desmond Tutu.