Sukhothai is a small city located in northern Thailand.
Founded in 1238, Sukhothai was the first kingdom of Thailand. At its height, (toward the end of the 1200s), the kingdom was ruled by Pho Khun Ram Khamhaeng. Ram Khamhaeng is credited with creating the Thai alphabet. He is also responsible for establishing Buddhism as the official religion of the country, which is now known as Thailand.
After Ram Khamhaeng’s death, in the mid-1300s, the Sukhothai Kingdom began to weaken. Meanwhile, the city of Ayutthaya was gaining strength. Finally, in 1378, forces from Ayutthaya invaded Sukhothai, and took over control over the region.
Today, the well-preserved grounds are still home to Sukhothai’s original monuments, temples, and numerous Buddha sculptures. The area known as the old kingdom is a particularly popular tourist destination and World Heritage Site.