Dr. David Livingstone (1813-1873) was a Christian missionary and explorer. Born in Scotland, Livingstone began working in a cotton mill at the young age of 10.
Livingstone began studying medicine in London in 1838-1840. Not long after, Livingstone met Robert Moffat, a visiting missionary from South Africa, who inspired Livingstone to travel to the African continent. Livingstone eventually married Robert’s daughter, Mary Moffat, and the young couple spent the next 20 years sharing their Christian faith with different tribes across Africa. David Livingstone hoped that Christianity would help him to also create fair trade networks between villages, and that slave labor would therefore no longer be needed.
Livingstone was the first European to come upon Mosi-oa-Tunya, the mighty waterfalls in southern Africa. Although he is known to have respected local names, he was so amazed by the beauty of the falls that he was inspired to rename them Victoria Falls, in honor of the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria.