Queen Elizabeth I was queen of England and Ireland from 1558 to 1603.
She was the daughter of Henry VIII and was born in Greenwich, England on September 7, 1533. Elizabeth was technically third in line to the throne after her half-brother Edward and her half-sister Mary. After the death of both her half-siblings she succeeded to the throne in November of 1558.
Queen Elizabeth I ruled over England and Ireland for 45 years in what is considered a golden age in British history. During her reign the Church of England was established which combined the doctrines of Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. She also commissioned numerous voyages of discovery around the world, particularly to the Americas, and launched Great Britain into an age of colonization and trade which would continue long after her reign. She recognized the possibilities of this age by establishing the East India Trading Company in 1600.