Cape Town is located on the south-western tip of South Africa and sits on the Atlantic Ocean.
In the late 15th century, Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias was the first on record to attempt to sail from Europe to India, around the tip of Africa. Although he did not succeed, due to storms at sea, Dias inadvertently discovered the southern tip of Africa. This spot later became known as the Cape of Good Hope.
Cape Town itself was first settled by the Dutch in the mid-17th century and became a strategic port location in the trade routes to the East. Ships would stop here to obtain supplies on journeys between Europe and India. For this reason, many of the buildings, especially those by the waterfront, have architecture similar to that found in the Netherlands.