Buddha was born around 563 BCE in Lumbini, Nepal.
Buddha began his life as a prince named Siddhãrtha Gautama. Growing up, he led a royal life of privilege, but was unhappy with life.
At age 29, Siddhartha left his family and fortune behind in hopes of finding happiness. He followed the path of the holy man. He practiced meditation. He gave up food and drink for so long that he nearly starved to death. This religious quest eventually led to a state of ‘Enlightenment’. Enlightenment is the absence of greed, hatred, and ignorance.
Today, over 300 million people practice Buddhism, based on the Buddha’s teachings.