British East India Company

In 1600, the British East India Company was set up to create trade networks in India and the East Indies (southeast Asia). India had become a major market for trading teas, spices, and fabrics, and the British East India Company soon controlled a large part of trade in the region.

The Company, as the East India Company was often called, had its own army to help establish order and protection over its trade routes. From 1757 to 1858, the Company controlled almost all of India, until the Indian people revolted and the British government took control from the Company.