An archaeologist is a scientist/historian who studies historic and prehistoric people and environments. Archaeologists draw from art history, classic studies, geology, geography, chemistry, and many other areas of expertise.

Archaeologists practice their science in three ways: surveys, excavation, and analysis.

Surveying is an attempt to locate a past place of interest, such as a house or settlement. This part, relies heavily on technology such as GPS, high-altitude photography, and the use of metal detectors.

Excavation is the most time consuming step in archaeology. Through excavation archaeologists uncover artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and remains.

When information and artifacts have successfully been gathered from surveyed and excavated sites, materials are studied and categorized.

Egyptology is a popular type of archaeology. It is the study of ancient Egyptian history, and includes deciphering of hieroglyphs, the writing system utilized by the ancient Egyptians.