In European history, the period from the mid-1400s to the early 1600s is often called the Age of Exploration, or the Age of Discovery.
This was a period when many European powers sent explorers and traders across the globe to expand their empires and establish trade networks. Advancements in shipbuilding and navigation allowed ships to travel greater distances, beyond the shorelines of Europe and Africa.
During this era, Europeans began interacting, for the first time, with people groups from other regions. This interaction between cultures and languages ultimately led to the spread of ideas, natural resources, and also humans (unfortunately, often as slaves) around the globe.